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07-09-2008, 01:18 PM #1
Installing an Automatic Transmission Fluid Cooler
Installing an auxiliary transmission cooler is really not that difficult once you do a little research, but it is VERY messy. I want to say that the total time it took my uncle, cousin and I to install the cooler on my Suburban was probably about 2 hours from start to finish, but this was also working at a casual pace with reasonable breaks.
A few things have to be investigated before starting on this project. First is determining whether you want to put this cooler in-line with the existing factory cooler or in replacement of it. I decided to replace the factory cooler with mine. This can have a couple advantages and disadvantages. You allow the radiator to cool more efficiently by not injecting 200F+ ATF fluid into the same space you are trying to cool antifreeze with. However, if you choose and undersized cooler, you may cook the transmission. So, using the factory one in conjunction helps ensure that you have adequate cooling ability. The second to check is the fitting size and threading on the case of the transmission. For the TH-700R4s found in most ½ ton trucks until 1988 (I think) for pickup trucks and up to 1991 in Suburbans, the transmission cooler fittings on the transmission case are 1/4” pipe thread fittings. For other transmissions, it appears this page (http://www.tciauto.com/Products/Tech...r_fittings.asp) has a lot, if not most of the fitting sizes and threading. Now, let’s go through a brief parts list…
Parts Needed: You could also buy these from a gm dealer such as www.gmpartsclub.com
Transmission Cooler (Link) Autozone part# 911516 (I’m pretty sure this is the one I used)
2x Pipe fittings (1/4” pipe to 3/8” MIP)
Automatic Transmission Cooler Line (watch out, this stuff if like $1.25 a foot)
Hose clamps to fit the ATF line
Quart or two of the appropriate ATF fluid for your truck
OK, get the truck in a fairly comfortable spot and let it sit there for a good long while. When a transmission is at operating temperature, ATF fluid can run in excess of 200F in the transmission. During this time, you can be planning your method of attack. Also while the truck is cooling, start disassembling the front grill, you have to get all the way down to the radiator, so it’s gonna be a pain to get all that trim and grill off. Now you can start on disassembling the existing transmission cooling system. For my truck, the factory cooler had steel hard lines that ran from the transmission to the radiator. I left them in place and connected to the radiator in case I had issues with the aftermarket cooling, but I plan on removing them later on. Make sure you have a drain pan handy on whichever side or sides you remove the cooler line at. Now you can mount the transmission cooler to the front of the radiator. Make sure you don’t have to make any sharp bends or sharp edges with the cooler line and that you can get to the fittings. I faced my radiator on its side with the fittings facing the bottom so that I could go down and straight under the truck with the lines. I put it on the passenger side since that’s the side that the cooler fittings are on the transmission. It uses this weird tie-wrap that’s designed to go through a radiator to secure things. As such, it’s one-time use only, so make sure you get it right before you go putting the 2 halves of the tie-wrap together. Now, you need to route the cooler lines back to the transmission. I was able to route mine along the fame rail under the motor mount bracket up to the point where the cooler lines go into the transmission. I had a little extra line that I didn’t feel like trimming off, so I then followed my fuel lines heading out into the open to cross the gap and take up the slack. Put a few turns of Teflon tape on the threaded side of the fittings and crank them into the case until you bottom out the fitting. Slip the cooler lines onto the fittings and tighten them down with hose clamps. Crank the truck up and cycle the gears to get the transmission fluid flowing. CAREFULLY feel the radiator to see if it’s getting warm. Inspect for leaks and check the transmission fluid. Chances are you lost some fluid from the work and having to fill the new cooler and lines with fluid. Add fluid as needed to get you back up to the proper level. Put the grill back on and admire your work.
I wish I had bought a remote filter and a transmission oil temperature gauge before I did the install, but everything’s easy enough to get to that it should be easy to add those in. I even have enough spare line to complete the connections. I have yet to tow anything with the truck yet, but I can only assume that the cooler is doing its job well. However, time will tell as I have no way of telling for sure now whether the transmission fluid temps are lower or not. I used standard brass plumbing fittings in the transmission case. From what I understand, brass doesn't like very high temperatures, but I think it should be ok... The temperature of the oil shouldn't get so high that it causes the brass to fatigue. As usual, I didn’t take any pictures while doing the work, but I’ll try to get ya’ll some pics soon of all the connections and such. If you have any questions, feel free to ask me and I’ll do my best to answer them.Christopher
1991 Chevy Suburban 1/2 ton 2WD w/ chevy SBC 350-3/4 ton drivetrain upgrade w/4.10 gears 200K miles
2005 Saturn ION-2 Stock 277K miles
1982 Bronco, 1993 Bronco (sold), 1971 M35A2 Deuce and a Half
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07-09-2008, 05:16 PM #2
on my 2006 sierra i bought the kit from gm all hoses complete took 30 start to finish
2006 GMC 1500 Long Bed Vortec 4.3
1982 S-10 Prodject Street/Track with a 327/300hp Motor built up to 415 hp
07-09-2008, 07:07 PM #3
as promised, here's some pictures of the end result
how the radiator looks behind the grill
routing of the lines down from the cooler to under the truck
routing of the lines when they get to the transmission case
I didn't get any good pics of the brass fittings, or of the routing through the engine mount. I was taking these while trying to not get on the ground. The suburban sits in some dirt when I'm not driving it... I'll try to get some shots of that stuff tommorow when I'm inspecting the system after driving it.
07-10-2008, 05:26 PM #4
just a tip put a rubber firewall plug around the wires going thru the drip pan. the wires will vibrate and move and chafee this will be a short some time soon and be a bad thing. you can take some vaccum hose split it then wrap the wires and put 1"of hose on both sides of the metal and tape or zip tie it off......just a tip otherwisw this is great........thanks....mikeMichael Collins
1993 4X4 Suburban
many other toys as well
07-10-2008, 06:09 PM #5
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Great tech article Christopher.
07-10-2008, 09:32 PM #6
Oh, and on the second picture, it's important to note the chunks of cooler that I cut in half and tie-wrapped to the real cooler line. This is to protect the cooler line from getting chafed or cut by the radiator core support.
Oh, and on a side note, I'm not sure where it's going, but it looks like I'm STILL losing ATF somewhere... I have to get under the truck with some brake cleaner to clean the transmission area of the truck so I can figure out where it's coming from. :(
01-18-2010, 12:11 AM #7
Love It!! My buddy did the same thing on his dodge van i know dodge uuugghhh haha but im curious on this mod working for my 99' Tahoe,I have a trans temp gauge on order but i would like to add the aux cooler for the tranny and give my radiator a break. So let me know if this will work on my Tahoe she has the 5.7L Vortec and its 2wd and again great write upFoRdAsSaSiN
01-18-2010, 08:59 AM #8
Good write up Chris and nice pictures however you will hate me after you read what I have to say.
I have to take issue with running rubber cooler lines all the way from the transmission to the cooler. This is a no no and not recommended. I have seen this done before and they just do not hold up to the elements. The rubber lines will get hard over a year or two and crack. Also they tend to rub through wherever they touch metal
Also those cheesy nylon ties that are installed through the fins should never be used! They will ruin your radiator and will cause leaks after they have been there for about a year. I have seen too many radiator leaks over the years because of these ties. The good aftermarket coolers come with metal straps which mount the cooler securely to the truck without touching the radiator. You can buy these separately as a kit from TruCool. TruCool makes the best aftermarket coolers IMO and are OE in many applications as an auxiliary cooler. They are a stacked plate design rather than a fin and tube style. They have a much higher cooling capacity as well.
As you say there are pro's and cons about bypassing the radiator. If you live in a cold climate do not bypass the radiator! The ATF needs to get warmed up by the radiator in order to flow and this is your lube oil. New trucks nowdays have a built in bypass system so fluid will flow in cold climates because sometimes the radiator is not enough until it gets hot and this can take a while in sub zero weather.
Keep in mind the stock radiator is designed to cool the transmission and the heat it makes as well as warm it up quickly.
Another downfall of bypassing is a stand alone cooler needs airflow. They work great on the highway but not around town or off road where the going is slow.
Last but not least is the GVW rating you see on the cooler box. Most people don't know that this rating is compiled with the stock radiator cooler in series. If you bypass the radiator then cut that rating in half! You may think you have enough cooler but in fact you do not.
2004 SILVERADO 2500HD LS
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285-75-16 Cooper ST All Terrains
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1967 Landcruiser <350 Chevy>
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2007 FJ Cruiser
01-18-2010, 08:27 PM #9
Well Jimmiee, I don't hate you, but that's some not-so-good news. As for the rubber lines all the way back, I did it because I didn't want to risk having a line leak at a juncture between rubber and steel line. So far the lines seem to still be pretty soft and pliable, and it's been at least a year since I put the cooler in. I would like to upgrade the cooler and possibly add in a second cooler because I plan to tow with the truck and I do plan to idle the truck a decent amount. I don't think I'll have any lack of heat issues, it's a bit hot down here...
09-20-2011, 10:55 AM #10
So, I'm working on completely rebuilding my automatic transmission cooler setup. There's a couple of reasons behind my descision. First, with the setup I did before, I am not confident that I can pull my 9000 pound camper without overheating. The cooler I selected was probably just barely adequate to cool the transmission by itself in the configuration I had it in. Second, I wasn't taking advantage of the cooling and pre-heating offered by running the ATF first through the engine radiator. Third, I apparently had the cooler oriented in a position in which air pockets can get trapped in the cooler, reducing cooler performance. Granted, this cooler has not given me any issues in the 3 years I've had it installed, but I haven't really towed heavy loads that often during that time either. So, time for an upgrade.
There are some things I'm going to keep the same with the upgrade, like the ATF cooler hose. Jimmiee advised against running the rubber ATF cooler hose the whole way up, but I haven't had any issues with it, so I'm going to keep running them. I also had left the original steel cooler lines in the truck in case I had to go back to them for any reason. I've now cut out 98% of them leaving only about 4" stubs that hook up to the radiator to give me something to splice into. So, fluid is going to be routed from the transmission, into the external ATF filter, past the temp sender, into the bottom port of the engine radiator, out the top port, into the bottom port of the B&M cooler, out the top, and back to the transmission.
The cooler I chose to go with is the B&M Universal SuperCooler part number 70274. This is a universal cooler that's good for oil, ATF, power steering, and most other low to mid pressure applications. It's capable of dissapating 29,200 BTU of heat. It measures right at 11"x11"x1.5" for the core, plus another 1/2" or so for the mounting fins. It has 1/2" NPT fittings for ease of hooking it up. Here's a picture of it sitting next to my new AutoMeter transmission temp gauge (more on that later):
I figured while I was rebuilding the cooling system, I might as well add in some additional filtration to get all the little particles of clutch out. So, I went back to B&M and picked up their remote transmission oil filter kit, part number 80277. It has 1/2" NPT ports on top and accepts a PH8/TG8 filter. I would have been happier if it were a TG5 filter so it would be the same as the engine, but I should have the TG8 filters on hand for my Bronco's engine.
I also picked up an AutoMeter Z-Series transmission temp gauge. I'm planning on putting the temp sender in the transmission pan when I get a pan with a sender port in it, but for now it's going inline with the cooler.
So, I got all the parts in, and started looking over the front of my truck to determine how I wanted to mount it. I was originally going to mount it with the ports pointing down like my old was, but B&M strongly discourages that, so I had to rethink my plans. I was able to come up with a mounting solution that allowed me to put the cooler horizontal, but then I was having clearance issues with the horn. I figured out by putting the cooler very low, to where a little bit of it's behind the bumper, that I could fit the cooler in. I put a 90 degree fitting on the top port to make hose routing easier. I used a pair of 2" wide pieces of flat aluminum to make the cooler wide enough to screw into the radiator core support. I used self-tapping screws to make installation easier. So, here's what I ended up with for the install of the cooler:
The brass 90 degree fitting will be painted flat black to match everything else. I probably should have done that before putting the cooler on the truck, but oh well. I haven't checked clearance yet with the grill, but the cooler is far shallower than the center core support brace, so it should fit with no problem.
With that out of the way, I turned my attention to assembling the transmission external filter setup. First I had to determine where I wanted to mount the filter. Obviously I wanted the filter to be easy to get to and not make a mess during filter changes, but it also couldn't be the lowest part on the truck where it could get sheared off or otherwise messed up. I decided to put it on its side up on the framerail on the passenger side right where the transmission cooler lines passed by. I used a piece of 1.5" angle aluminum to make a bracket to mount to the lower framerail with. I then installed a 1/2 NPT to 3/8 hose barb fitting on the IN side of the filter, and a T-fitting and another 1/2 NPT to 3/8 hose barb fitting on the out. In the T, I installed the temperature sender for the transmission temp gauge. I know it's not the best place to get an accurate picture of the transmission temperature, but it will give me relative readings until I can install it in the pan. Here's some pictures of the filter assembly aseembled:
It looks big and ungainly, but it would have been much cleaner if the temp sender hadn't been there.
So, now I still need to mount the filter, buy some 3/8" ATF cooler hose and extra ATF fluid, and assemble the system. I'll probably buy the parts this week and finish the assembly and install on Saturday.
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