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Timing a 454

Discussion in 'Chevy C/K Truck Forum' started by Crawdaddy, May 17, 2007.

  1. Crawdaddy

    Crawdaddy Epic Member Staff Member 5+ Years 1000 Posts Platinum Contributor

    My uncle and I are working on rebuilding the 454 motor out of his 99 GMC 1-ton dually. We are stuck because we can't figure out how to time the timing chain. We replaced the chain, and 2 sprockets. Now, we don't know where the dots line up to time it right. We have heard and seen 12 oclock and 12 oclock, 12 oclock and 6 oclock. We very much want to get it right on the first go. Anyone know where the dots should line up at? Thanks.
  2. TrailLeadr

    TrailLeadr Epic Member 5+ Years 1000 Posts

    Both Dots point to 12 o'clock:great:
  3. Crawdaddy

    Crawdaddy Epic Member Staff Member 5+ Years 1000 Posts Platinum Contributor

    ok. In othe Haynes manual he has, it says something to the effect that turning the cam to the 6 oclock position should have the crank in the 12 oclock position. I'm guessing the cam to crank gear ratio is 2:1 or something for that to occur? The information in the haynes was VERY confusing and seemed to contradict itself on how to time the blasted thing. Thanks TraiLeadr, as always, you bailed my *ss out of the fire. :great:
  4. Crawdaddy

    Crawdaddy Epic Member Staff Member 5+ Years 1000 Posts Platinum Contributor

    Are you sure that the motor hasn't changed from 93 to 99? Pretty much everyone my uncle has spoke to has said that it goes at 6 and 12. I do trust you, but I want to double-check they haven't changed the designs since 93.
  5. GaryL

    GaryL Epic Member 5+ Years ROTM Winner 1000 Posts Platinum Contributor

    You should be able to set it at either one. Just make sure that when you install the distributor pointed at #1 that you are at TDC of the compression stroke on #1. To check to see if you are on the compression stroke, have someone turn the engine with a wrench while you hold your finger in the #1 spark plug hole. On the compression stroke, it will try to push out your finger.

    Here is some information from Comp Cams:

    Now that the lower crankshaft gear is installed rotate the crankshaft using your crankshaft socket, (Part
    #4793 for Small Block Chevy or #4797 for Big Block Chevy), until the appropriate crankshaft gear
    tooth is in the 12:00 position and the crankshaft gear keyway slot is in the 2:00 position. The #1 piston
    should be at top dead center. Rotate the camshaft until the camshaft dowel pin is at the 3:00 position.
    Loop the chain over the camshaft gear. Align the camshaft and crankshaft timing marks and loop the
    chain around the crankshaft gear. Lift the camshaft gear into place on the camshaft. Install the three
    camshaft bolts (finger tight for now). Make sure that the camshaft gear timing mark aligns with the
    proper crankshaft gear timing mark. The camshaft timing mark should be at 6:00 and the crankshaft
    gear timing mark should be at 12:00. If this procedure is missed by even one tooth, engine damage can
    result.
    Last edited: May 18, 2007

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